Using storytelling or fables in a lesson plan for your first grade students will introduce them to this type of literature, as well as let them see the purpose of such narratives.
1. The teacher will read the tale out loud to the students. Throughout the course of the reading, the teacher will stop and ask questions such as:
These questions serve to introduce students to the art of story telling, as well as to the important aspects of listening and reading.
2. Once the story is finished, the teacher will introduce the concept of the moral or the lesson of the story by asking students the following question:
3. A very brief lecture ensues in which the teacher explains the definition of a moral.
4. The teacher asks the students the following questions and writes the students' answers on the board:
5. The students are asked to draw a picture from the story which shows the main character learning the lesson or moral. Underneath the story, students must write down what the moral or lesson that is being demonstrating in the story. The teacher will circulate in the classroom to help with any questions regarding ideas, words, sentence structure, spelling etc.
6. Homework: The students are asked to bring in their favorite book that has a moral or lesson in it to share with the rest of the class.
Since you are working with very early learners, remember that there is probably a wide range of skills present in your classroom. Select a book that is not too challenging for the students at beginning levels, but not too boring for the more advanced students.
Writing is another skill that is just developing at this time. Be prepared to offer assistance to your students and remain patient if they are struggling with forming letters.
Allow some time for the homework assignment to be completed. Not all students will have lesson or moral books at home. A substitute idea for this homework assignment is to have each student select a book with a moral or lesson the next time that the class takes a trip to the library.
If you teach older students, you could still use this lesson plan as a framework, and add different types of age appropriate activities to the lesson plan so that it is suitable for the grade level.