The following literary terms lesson plans will cover the seven literary terms related to poetry. They are:
This lesson plan on literary terms is appropriate for students in the upper elementary or middle school grades.
Literary Terms Lesson Plan
Introduction: Explain that poets use figurative language to make their writing show the reader things in a different or interesting way. It heightens the senses and helps to get the poets thoughts across.
Here are seven literary devices that are used in poetry. Explain each one and give examples:
- Simile: In a simile, the words “as” or “like” are used to compare two things.
- Metaphor: Upon first hearing a metaphor, it sounds false or ridiculous. When you think about it, it makes sense because the two things being compared have a trait or two in common. It is used to make a point or give an opinion.
- Alliteration: This is a technique that repeats the first sound in several words. The words may be separated by a word or several words. Tongue twisters use this technique.
- Personification: With personification, you give human characteristics to animals, ideas, or objects. This can add pleasure to the reading of a poem and make the reader take a different perspective on things. This literary device is used a lot in poetry.
- Onomatopoeia: This consists of using words that mimic sounds. The words can also sound like their meaning. This can add a fun element to poetry and can really help the reader experience what the poet experienced.
- Hyperbole: This is basically an extreme exaggeration. It makes a point and can sometimes be very funny.
- Imagery: This device appeals to the reader’s senses. It can describe objects, desires, or thoughts.
Literary Terms: Examples in the Lesson Plan
Here are examples of the seven literary terms covered on the lesson plan.
- Simile: As blind as a bat, as nutty as a fruitcake, as dry as a bone, they fought like cats and dogs, as easy as shooting fish in a barrel
- Metaphor: You are my sunshine, she has a heart of stone, he kicked the bucket, time is money, life is a roller coaster
- Alliteration: “That's what made these three free fleas sneeze” (Dr. Seuss), Show Shawn Sharon's shabby shoes, Boil the butter and bring it by the bank, Kim comes to cut colorful kites
- Personification: The flowers begged for water, the sun played hide and seek with the clouds, lightning danced across the sky, the rain kissed my cheeks as it fell
- Onomatopoeia: Bong, crunch, gobble, hum, meow, oink, ping, quack, smash, slurp, tick, tock, whoosh, zap
- Hyperbole: He is older than the hills, my backpack weighs a ton, it is raining cats and dogs, I have a million things to do today, her smile was a mile wide
- Imagery: The eerie silence was shattered by her scream, the word spread like leaves in a storm, the ants began their daily marching drill
Literary Terms Worksheet
Here is a short worksheet for the literary terms lesson plan.
A. Directions: Following are examples of literary terms. Write the literary term that goes with each example.
Terms: Simile, metaphor, alliteration, personification, onomatopoeia, hyperbole, imagery
- “My food loves to prance, to jump, to dance.”
- “With smell of steaks in passageways.”
- “It is raining cats and dogs.”
- “She sells seashells by the seashore.”
- “You are a pretty as a June bug.”
- “You are a pain in the neck.”
- “The bacon sizzled and the timer dinged.”
B. Directions: Write a sentence using each of these literary devices. For number three, you may choose one of these: simile, metaphor, hyperbole, imagery or onomatopoeia.
- “Your choice”
Literary Worksheet Answers:
A. Exercise A answers:
B. Exercise B answers will vary.