Have you ever wondered how to increase your students' vocabulary? Of course, reading is one of the best ways to build vocabulary, but there is still a time and a place for good ol' fashioned word lists.
One of the simplest ways to approach the subject is to walk through the alphabet. Letter by letter, you can introduce new words and concepts to your children. Below, you'll find a list of words that start with F for elementary grade levels, as well as several F activities to ignite the fires of fun.
Even though the words are small, the pre-K and kindergarten achievements are large. Do you remember the joy you felt when you pulled three letters together to form a word for the first time? Spread the "fun" to your little learners with these F words for kids:
fan - a device that moves and cools the air
far - a long way away
fig - hollow, pear-shaped fruit with sweet, pulpy flesh
fin - a wing-like limb attached to many animals living in water, used for swimming
fog - a mist of water vapor low to the ground
for - the purpose, destination, recipient, or amount of something
fun - something that brings pleasure, joy, or playfulness
We love "Trace the Letter." It's the quintessential preschool/kindergarten activity. Let your little learners practice their fine motor skills with the worksheet below.
Look out three-letter words! You're about to be replaced by some four-letter beauties. Most of these words can be sounded out, but you'll also dip in and out of the "fact" that some words inexplicably double the final letter. There's no need to "fuss" when you have a short and sweet F words list like this:
fact - something that has been proven correct
fade - the process of becoming less bright
fawn - a young deer
feet - the part of the body that touches the ground
fell - to knock down
fine - money charged to a person for doing something wrong
flew - having moved through the air
flow - an act of moving or running smoothly
fork - a tool with a handle and prongs at the end
fuss - a lot of focus on something
F words are fun because there are often a lot of consonant blends. "Flow" is a good example from above. To expand on this important element of the English language, share these Examples of Consonant Blends with your students.
In the first grade, students will spend a lot of time getting acquainted with basic sentence structure. There's a "mix and match" activity to help sentence formation stick in their minds. With about 20 index cards, help them create sentences together. On half the cards, write basic subjects, such as "The fawn," "Feet," or "The fork." On the remaining cards, write out sentence predicates like, "fell down the hill," "flew over the treetops," or "fusses over my plate of spaghetti."
Ask students to pick index cards from the "subject" pile and the "predicate" pile. If they can read, ask them to read the sentence aloud. If they can't read yet, you can read the sentence aloud. Some will make perfect sense. Others will create waves of first grade chuckles.
Check out these Adjectives That Start With F for more flexible fun!
There are still a few four-letter words in this pack, but it's time to step things up a notch with more expansive words in the second grade. There's also an opportunity to touch on suffixes with words like "finally" and "friendly":
factory - where something is made or assembled
fall - to drop or come down
famous - someone or something very well known by a lot of people
feast - a huge meal
finally - in conclusion or at the end
float - to be suspended in water
flood - an overflowing of water onto normally dry land
flock - a group of animals that live as a group
fresh - recently harvested, produced, or made
friendly - kind, helpful, or affectionate
To continue the suffix learning, check out this List of Suffixes and Suffix Examples.
Since students are (hopefully) acquainted with basic sentence structure by this age, it might be time to test their identification skills. Help them learn how to identify the main component of subjects (nouns) and the main component of predicates (verbs) all on their own!
For this activity, you'll need popsicle sticks and jars. Label the jars for nouns, verbs, and adjectives. Write some corresponding words on the individual popsicle sticks. Then, ask the class to call out each popsicle stick and sort them into the correct jars.
Check out these Verbs That Start With F to further expand their vocabulary!
Let the consonant blends continue! There's a nice "fl" sound to practice in this bunch, as well as "fr":
fatal - something that causes death
fence - a barrier used for protection
fierce - cruel, violent, or intense
find - to locate something that was once lost
flutter - to quickly flap wings, vibrate, or tremble
fortunate - someone or something that is lucky or favorable
frail - physically weak, fragile, or delicate
frown - a facial expression indicating displeasure
Do your students have a firm grasp on the most important parts of speech? That is, nouns, verbs, and adjectives? If you'd like to test their knowledge on one of these parts of speech, then feel free to print out the worksheet below. It'll ask students to write one verb beside every letter of the alphabet.
In this word list for fourth graders, you can revisit suffixes and even dive into compound words:
fairway - the part of a golf course covered with short grass
foliage - plant or tree leaves
fond - having a strong affection for someone or something
foremost - the most important or relevant
frank - a person who is honest and direct
frequent - something that happens often
function - the normal action of something
furious - full of anger or rage
futile - something that is unimportant
If you had fun exploring "fairway," be sure to share these further Examples of Compounds.
Having you been dipping your students' toes into the waters of poetry lately? Use your vocabulary words to develop topics your budding wordsmiths can write about! Inspired by the word "foliage," they might write about an enchanted forest filled with swaying sweeps of foliage. Open up the floor to any variety of poetry with rhyming patterns or give them some more room with a free verse option.
If you'd like to focus on a specific form of poetry, scroll through these 7 Common Types of Poetry.
Flannel. Do you double the Ls or Ns? Fifth grade is a perfect time to dissect some commonly misspelled words. Send them off to middle school without a heavy reliance on spellcheck and autocorrect:
fame - be well-known, talked about, or having celebrity status
fatigue - extreme physical or mental tiredness
favorite - a person or thing that is best-liked or treated in a special way
feign - to make up a story or act in a way you don't feel
fifteen - five more than ten
finesse - to do something skillfully or slyly
fingernail - a thin, transparent plate covering the upper surface of the end of a finger
flannel - a soft, woven cloth
forms - pieces of paperwork that need to be filled out
freight - cargo or goods transported by truck or other means of transportation
frigid - someone or something very cold
frugal - not spending a lot of money or being wasteful
fuel - anything that produces energy, power, or heat
fugitive - a person who has escaped from something and is in hiding
future - a time that has not yet occurred
Strengthen your kiddos' muscles with this list of the 100 Most Often Misspelled Words in English.
In our fourth grade activity, we had some fun with poetry. How about a little short fiction? Once you've reviewed your vocabulary words for the day, pull up a short story. Our list of short stories here is a good place to start. Then, prompt your students with a list of symbols from the story you've just read.
Perhaps there was a candle in the story that represented a new chapter in life. Or, maybe there was an old suitcase that symbolized ancestors of the past. A robust vocabulary will always be the goal, but it's worth venturing into the land of rhetorical devices as students continue to develop their reading comprehension skills.
Let your children's love of learning flourish with these F vocabulary words. Many of them lend themselves well to fanciful prose or fantastical stories. If you need more inspiration, share these Descriptive Poem Examples with your students someday.
And, if you've enjoyed expanding their vocabulary by working your way through the alphabet, why not start back at the beginning with Words That Start WIth A For Kids?