Teaching comparative and superlative adjectives to your students doesn’t have to be difficult. Use this comparative and superlative lesson plan to get your students rolling with this concept in no time flat.
Through this lesson plan, elementary students learn:
- definitions of comparative and superlative adjectives
- how to use adjectives to make comparisons
Start the lesson by explaining the definition of a comparative adjective through writing the definition and examples on the whiteboard.
Comparative adjectives are a type of adjective used for highlighting the difference between two objects, or two nouns.
See these comparative adjective examples:
- My female cat is younger than that cat.
- My apple is redder than your apple.
A trick for spotting comparative adjectives is looking for the word "than" in sentences. A comparative adjective is usually used before "than" if one is used at all. Additionally, comparative adjectives frequently have the ending -er.
Compare two items of your choice. Ask students to give you an example of a comparative adjective in a sentence. Trade examples back and forth.
- Give students a list of adjectives to turn into comparative adjectives. The list could have the following adjectives: interesting, boring, big, pretty, funny, happy, small, red, and wet.
- Some of these adjectives, such as big or pretty, are turned into comparative adjectives by adding an -er.
- Some adjectives, such as interesting, are turned into comparative adjectives by adding the word "more."
Now it’s time to explain a superlative adjective by writing the definition and examples on the whiteboard. Superlative adjectives are used to distinguish objects or nouns if there are three or more things that are being compared. Specifically, they're used to distinguish the highest degree of a noun.
Check out these superlative adjectives examples:
- The last house is the largest.
- The cherry pie tastes the best.
- The lamp was the most expensive item in the room.
You can distinguish a superlative adjective by the adjectives that end in -est. However, superlative adjectives might also be distinguished by the words "most" or "least."
After the explanation, use examples with objects from around the room in which you are sitting.
- Ask students to provide an example of a sentence using a superlative adjective, and correct any mistakes which you hear.
- Give the students the same list of adjectives that you gave them for comparative adjectives. Ask them to turn the adjectives into superlative adjectives.
- As they complete the list, correct any mistakes you see and answer any questions.
Now, to further cement their understanding of the two types of adjectives, give them a list of topics that will interest them. For example, if they are interested in sports, give them basketball, baseball, and football. If they are interested in movies, create some topics out of movies. If they are interested in animals, the topic could be pets.
Once you have given students the topics, ask them to create two sentences for each topic, one sentence using comparative adjectives, and one using superlative adjectives. Correct any mistakes.
Use this printable worksheet to help your students organize their sentences.
Kids can have a lot of fun with comparative and superlative adjectives. However, if your students are having trouble with this concept, you can look at more comparative and superlative examples for kids.