Are you trying to teach a student grammar, and do you need a lesson plan for comparative and superlative adjectives? The ability to write with good grammar is an essential skill for anyone to develop. However, grammar is not always a priority in schools, because there are so many other skills and lessons to teach.
Lesson Plan for Comparative and Superlative Adjectives
Comparative adjectives are a type of adjectives used for highlighting the difference between two objects, or two nouns.
The following is a sentence that uses a comparative adjective:
My female cat is younger than that cat.
In this sentence, the word "younger" is the comparative adjective. We can do another example:
My apple is redder than your apple.
In this sentence, the word "redder" is the comparative adjective.
A trick for spotting comparative adjectives is looking for the word "than" in sentences. A comparative adjective is usually used before "than" if a comparative adjective is used. Additionally, comparative adjectives frequently have the ending "er."
Superlative adjectives are used to distinguish objects or nouns, if there are three or more things which are being compared. Specifically, they're used to distinguish the highest degree of a noun.
For example, the following sentence contains a superlative adjective:
The last house is the largest.
The word "largest" in this sentence is the superlative adjective. We can do another example:
The cherry pie tastes the best.
The word "best" in this sentence is the superlative adjective.
You can distinguish a superlative adjective by the adjectives that end in "est." However, superlative adjectives might also be distinguished by the words "most" or "least."
For example, consider the following sentence:
The lamp was the most expensive item in the room.
The word "expensive" is the superlative adjective, and it is distinguished by the word "most."
Lesson Plan: Comparative and Superlative Adjectives
Start the lesson by explaining the definition of a comparative adjective.
Compare two items of your choice. Ask the student to give you an example of a comparative adjective in a sentence. Trade examples back and forth.
Give the student a list of adjectives to turn into comparative adjectives. The list could have the following adjectives: interesting, boring, big, pretty, funny, happy, small, red, and wet. Make sure that the student realizes that:
Some of these adjectives, such as big or pretty are turned into comparative adjectives by adding an "er."
Some adjectives such as "interesting" are turned into comparative adjectives by adding the word "more."
After the student completes the list, explain a superlative adjective. Use an example with objects within the room in which you are sitting.
Ask the student to provide an example of a sentence using a superlative adjective, and correct any mistakes which you hear.
Give the student the same list of adjectives that you gave him or her for comparative adjectives. Ask him or her to turn the adjectives into superlative adjectives.
As they complete the list, correct any mistakes you see and answer any questions which they may have.
They've Completed the List, Now What?
Now, to further cement their understanding of the two types of adjectives, give them a list of topics in which they are interested. For example, if they are interested in sports, give them basketball, baseball, and football. If they are interested in movies, create some topics out of movies.
Once you have given them the topics, ask them to create two sentences for each topics, one sentence using comparative adjectives, and one using superlative adjectives. Correct any mistakes.